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Attorney Advertising: Website content for informational and educational purposes only and should not be substituted for speaking with an attorney.  All cases are different, and past results do not guarantee future outcomes. All fees must be finalized in writing and may vary based on the circumstances of a case.

Sentences


The chart organizes the general sentencing guidelines under the New York Penal Law.  In state court, the judge has a wide range of discretion for determining a sentence, and an effective lawyer may use a number of strategies for reducing a sentence.  This chart should be used only for guidance and should not substitute for a lawyer's advice, as many factors may change the range of sentences.  

The best lawyers will set in motion a number of defense strategies at the same time.  At the start of a case, the Law Office of Adam Bevelacqua will set up the foundation for the lowest possible sentence in case of a guilty plea or conviction.

The determination of a federal sentence requires a lawyer to calculate the mandatory minimum term under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines.

OFFENSE CLASS/TYPE MINIMUM MAXIMUM NYPL SECTIONS

Class A-1 Felony (Non-Drug)
First Degree Murder
Past Record Not Considered      20 years - Life    Life    60.06, 70.00(3)(a)(i), 125.27
Second Degree Murder
Past Record Not Considered      20 years - Life    Life      125.25(5), 60.06, 70.00

Other A-1 Felonies
Past Record Not Considered      15 - 25 Years 25 years - life  70.00(2)(a), (3)(a)(i)

Class A-2 Felony (Non-Drug)
Predatory Sexual Assault or
Predatory Sexual Assault Against a Child
No prior felonies      10 - 20 years         Life 130.95, 130.96, 70.00(3)(a)(ii)
Second felony offender      15 years    Life   130.95, 130.96, 70.00(3)(a)(ii)
Persistent felony offender      25 years    Life  130.95, 130.96, 70.00(3)(a)(ii)

Class B Felony (Violent)
No prior felonies      5 years   25 years   70.02(1)(a), 70.02(3)
Second felony offender      8 years 25 years 70.06(6)
Second violent felony offender     10 years 25 years 70.04(3)

Class B Felony (Non-Drug, Non-Violent)
No prior felonies     1 - 3 years 8 1/3 - 25 years 70.00(2)(b)
Second felony offender 4 1/2 - 13 1/2 years 8 1/3 - 25 years 70.06(4)(b)

Class C Felony (Violent)
No prior felonies      3 1/2 years    15 years      70.02(1)(b)
Second felony offender      5 years 15 years   70.06(6)
Second violent felony offender      7 years 15 years 70.04(3)

Class C Felony (Non-Drug Non-Violent)
No prior felonies      1 - 3 years 5 - 15 years 70.00(2)(c)
Second felony offender      5 years 15 years 70.06(6)

Class D Felony (Violent)
No prior felonies      2 years 7 years 70.02(1)(c)
Second felony offender      3 years 7 years 70.06(6)
Second violent felony offender      5 years 7 years 70.04(3)

Class D Felony (Non-Drug Non-Violent)
No prior felonies      1 - 2 1/2 years 3 - 7 years 55.05(1)
Second felony offender      2 - 3 1/2 years 4 - 7 years 70.06(4)(b)

Class E Felony (Violent)
No prior felonies      1 1/2 years  4 years  70.02(1)(d)
Second felony offender      1 1/2 years 4 years 70.06(4)(b)
Second violent felony offender      2 years 4 years 70.06(6)

Class E Felony (Non-Drug Non-Violent)
No prior felonies      1 - 3 years 1 1/3 - 4 years 55.05(1)
Second felony offender      2 years 4 years  70.06(6)

Drug Felony (Class A)
First felony drug offender (A-I)      8 years 20 years 70.71(2)(b)
First felony drug offender (A-II)      Life probation 10 years 70.71(2)(b)(ii), 70.71(c)
Second felony drug offender (A-I)      12 years 24 years 70.71(3)(b)(i)
Second felony drug offender (A-II)       6 years 14 years 70.71(3)(b)(ii)
Second felony drug offender (Violent)(A-I)      15 years 30 years  70.71(4)(b)(i)
Second felony drug offender (Violent)(A-II)       8 years 17 years  70.71(4)(b)(ii)
Major Trafficker      15 - 25 years 25 years - life  70.71(5), 70.00(2)(a)

Drug Felony (other than Class A)
First felony drug offender      Probation 9 years 70.70, 65.00, 60.04
Second felony drug offender (B)      Life probation 12 year 70.70, 65.00, 60.04
Second felony drug offender (C)      Probation 8 years  70.70, 65.00, 60.04
Second felony drug offender (D)      Probation 4 years 70.70, 65.00, 60.04
Second felony drug offender (E)      Probation 2 year 70.70, 65.00, 60.04
Second felony drug offender (Violent)(B)      6 years 15 years 70.70, 400.21
Second felony drug offender (Violent)(C)      3 1/2 years 9 years  70.70, 400.21
Second felony drug offender (Violent)(D)      2 1/2 determinate 4 1/2 years  70.70, 400.21
Second felony drug offender (Violent)(D)      2 years 2 1/2 years  70.70, 400.21

Class A Misdemeanor
No record considerations conditional discharge 1 year   70.15(2), 85.00(2)(a)

Class B Misdemeanor
No record considerations conditional discharge 6 months  70.15(1), 85.00(2)(a), (3)

Unclassified Misdemeanor
No record considerations, sentence specified in law,   
possible conditional discharge after 1 year (determinate) 55.10.(2)(b)

Violation
No record considerations conditional discharge 15 days  55.10(3), 70.15(4), 85.00(2)(a)

Marijuana Violation
First offense Fine $100 fine 221.05
Second offense (within 3 years) Fine $200 fine 221.05
Third offense (within 3 years) Fine or 15 days' jail 221.05